AskDefine | Define municipality

Dictionary Definition

municipality

Noun

1 an urban district having corporate status and powers of self-government
2 people living in a town or city having local self-government

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From municipalité (Edmund Burke).

Pronunciation

  • a UK /ˈmjʊu.nɪs.ɪ.pæl.It.ɪi/ /"mju:.nIs.I.p

Extensive Definition

A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly denotes a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. A municipality is typically governed by a mayor and a city council or municipal council.
Municipalities are not necessarily the same as townships. A municipality is a general-purpose district, as opposed to a special-purpose district.
In most countries, a municipality is the smallest administrative subdivision to have its own democratically elected representative leadership.
In some countries, municipalities are referred to as "communes" (for example, French commune, Italian comune or Swedish kommun). The term derives from the medieval commune. Note that the word has absolutely no implication of communism; rather, the word "communism" derives from the word "commune" because of its striving towards a commune-like society.
The largest municipalities can be found in Canada and Greenland. Most likely the largest municipality is Avernasuaq in Greenland, which is larger than the whole United Kingdom.
In some countries, especially in the Middle East, the term "municipality" is also used to refer to the municipal administrative building known elsewhere as the town hall or city hall.

Municipalities as lower-level entities

First-level entities and other forms of municipalities

municipality in Afrikaans: Gemeentes
municipality in Tosk Albanian: Politische Gemeinde
municipality in Arabic: بلدية
municipality in Asturian: Municipiu
municipality in Bavarian: Gemeinde
municipality in Bulgarian: Община (България)
municipality in Catalan: Municipi
municipality in Czech: Obec
municipality in Corsican: Cumuna
municipality in Danish: Kommune
municipality in German: Gemeinde
municipality in Estonian: Vald
municipality in Modern Greek (1453-): Δήμος
municipality in Spanish: Municipio
municipality in Esperanto: Municipo
municipality in Basque: Udalerri
municipality in French: Municipalité
municipality in Western Frisian: Gemeente
municipality in Galician: Concello
municipality in Croatian: Općina
municipality in Indonesian: Kotamadya
municipality in Icelandic: Sveitarfélag
municipality in Italian: Comune
municipality in Hebrew: רשות מקומית
municipality in Latin: Commune
municipality in Latvian: Pašvaldība
municipality in Lithuanian: Savivaldybė
municipality in Lombard: Comü
municipality in Hungarian: Község
municipality in Macedonian: Општина
municipality in Malay (macrolanguage): Kotamadya
municipality in Dutch: Gemeente (bestuur)
municipality in Japanese: 基礎自治体
municipality in Norwegian: Kommune
municipality in Norwegian Nynorsk: Kommune
municipality in Low German: Gemeen
municipality in Polish: Gmina (ujednoznacznienie)
municipality in Portuguese: Município
municipality in Romanian: Municipiile României
municipality in Russian: Муниципалитет
municipality in Albanian: Komuna
municipality in Slovak: Obec (slovenská správna jednotka)
municipality in Slovenian: Občina
municipality in Finnish: Kunta
municipality in Swedish: Kommun
municipality in Tetum: Konsellu
municipality in Turkish: Belediye
municipality in Ukrainian: Муніципалітет
municipality in Võro: Vald
municipality in Vlaams: Gemêente
municipality in Chinese: 基层政权

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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